School of Science, Engineering & Design
please wait

Page loading - please wait...

Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan

Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering

Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan

About Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan

Dr. Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan (Venkat) got his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Connecticut, in the US, in 1996, after obtaining his Bachelor’s degree in the same subject from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D), INDIA, in 1988.  Subsequently he worked as Postdoctoral Fellow/ Associate at the Universities of Southern California and Pennsylvania, and at ExxonMobil Research and Engineering (New Jersey).

Venkat left for India in 2004, working at IIT Delhi as Assistant Professor, followed by a stint as Principal Engineer at Bloom Energy India (subsidiary of Bloom Energy Corp, Sunnyvale, CA) in Mumbai, and at Non-Ferrous Materials Technology Development Centre in Hyderabad, before finally moving to Teesside University in February 2016.

Venkat’s experience has straddled the academic domain, industrial R & D and product development, in areas of Chemical Engineering viz., Catalysis and Reaction Engineering, in Solid State Electrochemistry (primarily Solid Oxide Fuel Cells), in Process Design and in Ceramics processing.

As a former academic at IIT Delhi (2004-10), he taught Chemical Process Technology (in essence, Chemical Process Principles), Process Engineering, Reaction Engineering, Petroleum Refinery Operations, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Fluid/ Fluid-Particle Mechanics /Heat Transfer Laboratory, and a course in building and installing experimental rigs, whose objectives were to get students involved in hands-on lab work as part of their engineering skill development. He also supervised the doctoral dissertation of 3 PhD students (one student in full, and two in part), with funded research in catalysis and fuel cells.

Research interests and activities

Venkat’s interests are primarily in the domains of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Solid State Electrochemical devices and Chemical Process Design and Development, with a research philosophy that seeks not only to investigate reactions on surfaces on a fundamental level, but also to design processes that are energy efficient and environmentally friendly.  A few areas of research are as follows:

Heterogeneous Catalysis

  1. Steam Reformation and pre-Reformation of heavy (liquid) hydrocarbons – catalyst and process development; minimizing coke formation/ deposition and ensuring long term stability
  2. Fundamental studies of Highly Selective Oxidation and Oxidative Dehydrogenation reactions to improve selectivity to value added products – usage of Transient and Perturbation methods to probe catalytic reactions of surfaces

Electrochemical devices

  1. Interpretation and modeling of  Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in SOFCs (Solid Oxide Fuel Cells)
  2. Studying the efficacy of deposition of functional coatings on substrates, e.g., electrolytes/ electrodes on porous metallic substrates, conductive coatings on Interconnects, catalytic coatings on heat exchanger walls using Atmospheric Plasma Spray and Colloidal Methods for deposition.
  3. CO2 conversion via electrolysis – electrochemistry and electro-catalysis.

Enterprise interest and activities

Venkat has worked in the past with industry-led projects, such as – Decomposition of water using the sulfur-iodine cycle, with Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), in India, wherein his team at IIT Delhi setup a laboratory for investigating the decomposition of HI to I2 and H2, a key element of the 3-reaction scheme for water decomposition.  

Furthermore, with his work on product development in the industry (with ExxonMobil and Bloom Energy) he has a strong feel for industrial needs and is interested in working with industrial groups to enhance their productivity and effect key improvements in their processes and catalysts.


  1. ‘A method and apparatus for Manufacturing of solid oxide fuel cell’; – Krishnamurty Balasubramanian, Nirmal Panda, Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan, M. Govindaraju and Nitin Kanoongo; PCT Application filed on June 19th, 2014 [Number PCT/IB2014/001113)]; Full Filing for Indian Patent as well, completed, June 19th, 2014 [Indian Patent Application number 2660/CHE/2013]
  2. ‘Separation of Methanol, Ethanol and/or Dimethyl Ether from Hydrocarbon mixtures’, US Patent # 6,984,765 B2 (01/10/2005); Sebastian C. Reyes, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Gregory J. DeMartin, John H. Sinfelt, Karl G. Strohmaier, Jose Guadalupe Santiesteban.
  3. ‘Separation of Propylene and Dimethylether from Hydrocarbon mixtures’, US Patent # 6,733,572 (05/11/2004); Sebastian C. Reyes, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Gregory J. DeMartin, John H. Sinfelt, Karl G. Strohmaier, Jose Guadalupe Santiesteban.
  4. ‘Separation of Propylene from Hydrocarbon mixtures’, US Patent # 6,730,142 B2, (05/04/2004); Sebastian C. Reyes, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Gregory J. DeMartin, John H. Sinfelt, Karl G. Strohmaier, Jose G. Santiesteban.
  5. ‘Method for making Bulk Catalyst’, US Patent # 6,143,688, (11/07/2000); Mark E. Thompson, Venkatesan V. Krishnan and Alexandre G. Dokoutchaev.
  6. ‘Method for Catalytic Production of Hydrogen Peroxide and Catalyst therefore’, US Patent # 5,976,486, (11/02/1999); Mark E. Thompson, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Alexandre G. Dokoutchaev, Feras Abdel-Razzaq and Shannon C. Rice.



1.  Vacuum-sintered stainless steel porous supports for inkjet printing of functional SOFC coatings; R. I. Tomov, M. Krauz, A. Tluczek, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, K. Balasubramanian, R. V. Kumar, B. A. Glowacki; Mater Renew Sustain Energy 4:14, p13 (2015).
2.  Development of Intermediate Temperature (550 - 650oC) Metal Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Using Plasma Processes; P. K. P. Rupa, V. R. Goli, K. Balasubramanian, R. I. Tomov, V. R. Kumar, B. A. Glowacki, and V. V. Krishnan; ECS Transactions 68(1), p 2245 (2015).
3.  Direct ceramic inkjet printing and infiltration of functional coatings for metal supported SOFC; R. I. Tomov, A. Fakeeh, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, K. Balasubramanian, R.V. Kumar, B.A. Glowacki; ECS Transactions 68(1), p 2491 (2015).
4.  Novel Co-Sintering Techniques for Fabricating Intermediate Temperature, Metal Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT-m-SOFCs); S. H. Rahul, P. K. P. Rupa, Nirmal Panda, K. Balasubramanian, R. V. Kumar and Venkatesan Venkata Krishnan; ECS Transactions, 57(1) 857-866 (2013).
5.  Recovery of Nickel from Spent Industrial Catalysts using Chelating agents; Koteswara R. Vuyyuru, Kamal K. Pant, Venkatesan V. Krishnan and Krishna D. P. Nigam; Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49, 2014-24 (2010).
6.  Strong Metal Support Interactions (SMSI) Of Infiltrated Ni With TiO2 In A Porous YSZ Anode Matrix – A Possible Method For Ni-stabilization; C. A. Singh, L. Bansal, P. Tiwari and V. V. Krishnan; ECS Transactions 25(2), 1897-1904 (2009).
7.  Synthesis and Characterization of Ni-impregnated Porous YSZ anodes for SOFCs; C. Anand Singh and Venkatesan V. Krishnan; Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells IV, 173 – 179, Copyright © 2009 The American Ceramic Society.
8.  Anode Characterization and SOFC Performance using Ni-YSZ anodes formed by Ni-impregnation methods; C. Anand Singh and Venkatesan V. Krishnan; ECS Transactions 6 (21) 25-32 (2008)
9.  Influence of suspension stability on wet grinding for production of mineral nanoparticles; S. Sakthivel, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, and B. Pitchumani; Particuology 6, 120-24 (2008)
10.  Prediction of concentration and temperature profiles for non-isothermal ethane cracking in a pipe reactor; Rajeev Kumar Garg, Venkatesan Venkat Krishnan and Vinod Kumar Srivastava; Korean J. Chem. Eng., 23(4), 531-539 (2006).
11.  An Examination of Carbonaceous Deposits in Direct Hydrocarbon Utilization SOFC Anodes; Steven McIntosh, Hongpeng He, Shung-Ik Lee, Olga Costa-Nunes, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, John M. Vohs and Raymond J. Gorte; J. Electrochem. Soc. 151(4), A604-A608 (2004).
12.  Measurement of Electrode Overpotentials for Direct Hydrocarbon Conversion Fuel Cells; Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Steven McIntosh, Raymond J. Gorte, and John M. Vohs; Solid State Ionics. 166 (1-2), 191-197 (2004).
13.  Direct Production of Hydrogen Peroxide with Palladium Supported on Phosphate Viologen Phosphonate Catalysts; Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Alexandre G. Dokoutchaev and Mark E. Thompson. J. Catal. 196 (2), 366-374 (2000).
14.  Platinum and Palladium incorporation into Phosphate-Viologen-Phosphonates of Zirconium and Hafnium: Synthesis and Characterization; Alexandre Dokoutchaev, Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Mark E. Thompson and Mahalingam Balasubramanian.  J. Mol. Struc. 469, 191-205 (1998).
15.  Oxidative Dehydrogenation of 1-Butene over Manganese Oxide Octahedral Molecular Sieves; Venkatesan V. Krishnan and Steven L. Suib.  J.  Catal.  184, 305-315 (1999).
16.  Manganese Oxide Mesoporous Structures: Mixed-Valent Semiconducting Catalysts; Zheng-Rong Tian, Wei Tong, Jin-Yun Wang, Nian-Gao Duan, Venkatesan V. Krishnan and Steven L. Suib.  Science, Vol. 276 (May 9, 1997).
17.  Mathematical Modeling of Transient Diffusion and Adsorption of Cyclopropane in NaX, Ni/NaX and Eu/NaX Zeolites; Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Carroll O. Bennett and Steven L. Suib.  Applied Catalysis ‘A’ Gen 151, 267-287 (1997).
18.  Encapsulation Studies of Hydrogen on Cadmium Exchanged Zeolite Rho at Atmospheric Pressure; Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Steven L. Suib, David R. Corbin, Stephan Schwarz and Glover A. Jones. Catal. Today, 31, 199-205 (1996).
19.  Encapsulation of Hydrogen in Cadmium Exchanged Zeolite Rho; Temperature-Programmed Diffusion Studies; Venkatesan V. Krishnan, Steven L. Suib, David R. Corbin, Stephan Schwarz and Glover A. Jones.  Chemical Communications, No.3, 395-396 (Feb., 1996).
20.  The Effect of Tin and Antimony Addition on the Performance of Dual Function Cracking Catalyst (DFCC) Mixtures; M. L. Occelli, S. M. Naraghi, V. Krishnan and S. L. Suib.  J.  Catal. 135, 325-331 (1992).